By Logan E. Whalen
After approximately 8 centuries and masses learn and writing on Marie de France, the single biographical details we all know approximately her, with any measure of sure bet, is that she used to be from France and wrote for the Anglo-Angevin courtroom of Henry II. but Marie de France is still this present day some of the most favourite literary voices of the tip of the twelfth century and was once the 1st lady of letters to jot down in French. The chapters during this booklet are composed by way of students who've really good in Marie de France stories, commonly for a few years. supplying conventional perspectives along new serious views, the authors speak about many various points of her poetics
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Additional info for A Companion to Marie de France
The botanical 16 logan e. whalen metaphor here recalls the flower metaphor from verses 6–8 and reinforces the theme of fecundity present throughout the lais. But Henry will later learn from her tales that curteisie is a virtue that must be maintained if one wishes to remain a prosperous king. She uses the same adjective, curteis, to describe King Equitan and King Arthur at the beginning of Equitan (v. 11) and Lanval (v. 6), respectively. However, both kings eventually fall from narrative grace as a result of their less than courtly actions: the former loses his life because he sleeps with the wife of his faithful seneschal, while the latter loses a noble knight (Lanval) by forgetting to reward him for his loyal service and by believing the false accusations of his queen.
5–18, my emphasis) [Those who gain a good reputation should be commended, but when there exists in a country a man or woman of great renown, people who are envious of their abilities frequently speak insultingly of them in order to damage this reputation. Thus they start acting like a vicious, cowardly, treacherous dog which will bite others out of malice. But just because spiteful tittle-tattlers attempt to find fault with me I do not intend to give up. ] By juxtaposing en bien parler and mesparler, these lines reflect a narrative structure prominent throughout the lais: the difference between courtliness and uncourtliness.
Conclusion In all major prologues and epilogues to her writings, Marie de France explicitly uses rhetorical literary devices to capture the attention of her audience, to present her justification for writing, and to demonstrate that she participates in the processes of inventio and translatio studii as she adapts her source material for her audience. Her prologues and epilogues often contain references to themes that are ubiquitous in the works that they open and close, as is the case with her opening and closing remarks to the individual lais that often mention the word aventure.
A Companion to Marie de France by Logan E. Whalen