By Jeremy Black
During this radical reassessment, Jeremy Black demanding situations a number of the proven assumptions concerning the so-called army Revolution of 1560- 1660. He argues that it truly is faraway from transparent army revolution did ensue in this interval. certainly there's extra facts to indicate that the outline may be utilized extra adequately to the subsequent hundred years. This ebook additionally re-examines the connection among army power and household balance. instead of seeing the latter because the end result of the previous, Dr Black argues that it makes extra feel to determine the previous because of the latter.
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Additional resources for A Military Revolution?: Military Change and European Society 1550–1800
The new guns were lighter, not requiring a rest, and easier to fire, while the rate of fire, helped by the spread of paper cartridges, almost doubled. The flintlock was the standard weapon in the Dutch, English and French armies by 1700, the Austrians adopted it between the 1680s and the 1700s and the Swedes introduced it in 1696. The flintlock was made more effective by the replacement in this period of the early plug bayonets, which hindered firing, by ring and socket bayonets, which allowed firing with the blade in place.
Bad weather had a more serious effect at sea, where ships could lose their masts, rigging and cables in storms, and be driven aground. Troops moved by sea in the winter generally suffered. In December 1748, when British forces were returning from the Low Countries at the end of the War of the Austrian Succession, the Scarborough transport lost a quarter of the horses, while when the Merry transport reached Whitby the Secretary at War noted 'the men are very sickly and the vessel has suffered much'.
After the thaw, roads and the land in general were usually reasonably firm until autumnal rains made routes impassable and filled siegeworks with water. Supplies were more plentiful 40 in the late summer, when the harvest had been gathered in, one diplomat writing in May 1747 ofthe prospect of Frederick II 'attacking Bohemia or his other neighbours, when the forage is upon the ground, and the granaries full'. If troops slept in the field with little or no cover, winter operations could cause major losses through death and desertion.
A Military Revolution?: Military Change and European Society 1550–1800 by Jeremy Black