By Fred Singleton
This can be a moment version of the winning learn of Finland within the English language. a quick historical past of Finland strains the old improvement of the rustic from its payment through the Finns within the first millennium advert to the current time, exploring Finland's previous reference to Sweden, the advanced dating with Russia that has ruled Finnish background some time past centuries, and the postwar achievements of the second one republic. This moment variation has been revised and up-to-date via Emeritus Professor A. F. Upton, a number one pupil of Scandinavian background. It covers the influence of the break-up of the Soviet Union and brings occasions as much as Finland's admission to the ecu Union in 1995.
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Extra resources for A Short History of Finland
Especially towards backward readers was he without mercy, harrying them in every way, even confining them in the stocks'. He was referring to a tradition which went back to the reign of Charles XI, in the late seventeenth century. In the last year of the reign of Charles XI Finland was afflicted by a terrible famine which according to some estimates, killed a third of the population. It was caused primarily by a severe winter in 16967, and although the royal government made a considerable effort to bring in relief supplies by sea from its own reserves of grain, this could not prevent the demographic disaster.
Sweden was also obliged to make concessions in the Arctic, which to some extent weakened the position which had been gained at Taysina in 1595. The Treaty of Taysina did not end the troubles on the Russian frontier. In the confused situation following the death of Boris Godunov in 1605, the Poles, supporting the claims of Dimitrii, one of the claimants to the throne, captured the fortresses of Pskov, Ivangorod, Noteborg (Pahkinasaari) and Kakisalmi (Kexholm) which 38 Finland and Sweden gave them control of the frontier region bordering Finland and Estonia.
In 1448, on the death of Christopher, Bonde was elected King, and reigned as Charles VIII. Charles later abdicated and returned to the throne on three occasions. After his second abdication he retired for a few years to Finland, where he governed as a feudal lord from his castle at Raseborg (Raasepori), which stands on the Salpausselka ridge, near Tammisaari (Ekenas) on the south-west coast of Finland. Charles was replaced as king of the Scandinavian Union by Christian I, a Danish prince, but was returned to the throne for the third and last time with the help of the Tott family, whose power base was in Finland, although their origins were in Denmark.
A Short History of Finland by Fred Singleton