Australia's Pacific Neighbours - download pdf or read online

By Elizabeth Onslow

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Infrastructure were developed. Influenced by the missionaries In 1959 the islands became a A traditional dancer at and European traders, the islanders self-governing French Overseas Sigave in western Futuna Territory, ending New Caledonia’s control. The Catholic Church set up the Legislature Unicameral Type of government colony’s education system, which it still manages today. Territorial Assembly Overseas Collectivity Life continued peacefully until 2005, when King Voting age 18 years of France Tomasi Kulimoetoke II gave sanctuary to his grandson Land area 142 km² Capital who had been convicted of manslaughter.

After elections were held in 1979 the New Hebrides — renamed Vanuatu — became independent on 30 July 1980. Separatist groups continued to fight for their cause. Jimmy Stevens’ Na-Griamel Party wanted Espiritu Santo to be a separate nation. A revolt was suppressed with British military assistance in August 1981. Australia is Vanuatu’s largest source of foreign aid, amounting to around Vanuatu’s capital, Port Vila $73 million annually. This is primarily used for improving education, health infrastructure, economic governance and law.

By the early 20th century most Europeans in the New Hebrides were French. From the 1860s the indigenous population was severely depleted by slave traders kidnapping islanders to work on Queensland’s sugar plantations. There was considerable international pressure to end this practice. Eventually a joint British–French naval commission took control of the islands from 1887. It became the civilian Anglo-French Condominium in 1906, jointly administered by both countries. Surprisingly, the arrangement worked reasonably well, at least for Europeans.

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Australia's Pacific Neighbours by Elizabeth Onslow


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