By Göran Hartman (auth.), Peter E. Busher, Ryszard M. Dzięciołowski (eds.)
By the top of the nineteenth century either beaver species were extirpated from huge parts in their local levels. the worldwide decline in beaver populations was once the direct re sult of exploitation via people. Now, on the finish of the twentieth century, safeguard, deal with ment, and reintroduction courses, coupled with a decline within the call for for beaver fur and different items, have allowed beaver populations to extend dramatically. considering bea vers actively alter their neighborhood surroundings their actions can clash with human land use. due to this, the beaver, as soon as thought of a distinct and unique portion of rainy lands, is now usually thought of a nuisance species. The historical past, in addition to the present prestige, of beaver populations in Europe and North the United States offer perception into how con servation courses paintings, and into how people and natural world have interaction. The preliminary plenary lecture of the Euro-American Mammal Congress (July, 1998) used to be awarded by means of Dr. Michael L. Rosenzweig, a professor on the college of Arizona. Dr. Rosenzweig mentioned how people have used and proceed to take advantage of ordinary assets, in cluding natural world and wildland. He supplied facts indicating that the present version of reservation conservation couldn't offer a long term technique to the human-wild life/wildland clash. Dr. Rosenzweig emphasised that what's required is a circulate clear of merely exploitive actions (I could name this exploitive ecology) and the advance ment of a reconciliation ecology with wildlife.
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Extra resources for Beaver Protection, Management, and Utilization in Europe and North America
C. D. D. Evidence for a decline in the size of the population, which led to the need for legislated protection of be avers, is supplied by statutes regulating beaver management in Lithuania and Russia published in the 16th century. A decline in the societal importance of the animal may be inferred by the change in name of a street in the center of Riga, Latvia, from "Beaverstrate" to "Weverstrate" in the 15th century (Biernath, 1929). It may be that there was no cultural memory of the importance of beavers to the society by this time which led to the name change.
The meat, valuable fur, and especially the scent glands, which were used widely as medicinals, were the reasons for intensive beaver hunting. The popularity of beavers is testified also by toponyms, personal surnames, and folk songs (quatrains) of this region. C. D. D. Evidence for a decline in the size of the population, which led to the need for legislated protection of be avers, is supplied by statutes regulating beaver management in Lithuania and Russia published in the 16th century. A decline in the societal importance of the animal may be inferred by the change in name of a street in the center of Riga, Latvia, from "Beaverstrate" to "Weverstrate" in the 15th century (Biernath, 1929).
1962. 3-16. Kirov. Zharkov, I. 157-167, Voronezh. 5 BEAVER MANAGEMENT IN THE BALTIC STATES Martins Balodis,l Nikolai Laanetu,2 and Alius Ulevicus 3 State Forest Inventory Institute 30 Kristapa iela, Riga, LV-I 046, Latvia 2Zoology Museum (BGZM), University Tartu Vanemuise 46-3l3, 51014, Tartu, Estonia 3Institute of Ecology, Akademijos 2, 2600 Vilnius, Lithuania 1 ABSTRACT Beavers have been an important component of the environment in the Baltic region for the past 10,000 years. Beavers were used intensively by humans for fur, meat, and medicinal products for thousands of years.
Beaver Protection, Management, and Utilization in Europe and North America by Göran Hartman (auth.), Peter E. Busher, Ryszard M. Dzięciołowski (eds.)